The river forest: conservation, restoration and governance of Mediterranean riparian forests
Rivers have their own aquatic and riparian vegetation. This riparian vegetation eventually becomes a forest (the river forest), forming a characteristic strip alongside the course of the river. River forests are highly diverse and complex, possessing multiple ecosystem functions. They constitute the transition between the aquatic environment and the terrestrial environment away from the water. Moreover, they are closely associated with the riverbed and the underground water close to the surface (water table). The river and the riparian area influenced by the river are together referred to as the “fluvial area” or “river ecosystem”. This interaction between the water and the forest makes them unique ecosystems.
Camprodon, J., Guardis, P., Ordeix, M.